This is Baku – Azerbaijan is one of the old and rich countries in the world. It is located middle of Asia and the Europe border. Baku is the capital of this amazing and rich country. Our capital is located in the very East of the country, right by the Caspian Sea. Azerbaijan’s neighboring countries are Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Russia, and Iran. West border is the Caspian Sea and Azerbaijan shares access to the Caspian Sea with Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Iran.
Things to do in Baku Azerbaijan
Let’s see what there is to do in the Azerbaijan and in Baku city and what you absolutely must do when you visit Baku.
Let’s go the first street of Old City Baku
You may not realize it, but Baku actually has an Old City. The Old City, which was once part of a wall that protects the whole city, was registered in 2000 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was the first place on this list in Azerbaijan.
In the center of the old city is a Medieval Market Place. There is already an open-air museum showing archeological findings, and there are even nice street cats to follow.
You should spend at least an hour and lose yourself in the winding narrow streets of the Old City of Baku. The charming stone-built houses open in unexpected little squares, lead you around cute shops and restaurants and uncover how locals live in the very center of the city.
Some buildings are characterized by unexpected architectures such as gothic or baroque. These were established in the 19th century during the Russian rule. Icheri Sheher or the inner city of Baku also use other stones, such as mosques, caravanserai, and ancient fortifications. The kings of the Shirvan dynasty were responsible for the early development of Icheri Sheher. Since their original seat was destroyed in the 12th century during an earthquake, after capital of country was moved from Shamakhi to Baku.
The inhabitants lived within the Old City walls until the 19th century when Baku started expanding well beyond. The oil industry’s success rapidly sped up the development of Baku and more and more people began moving in. Still, though, it was considered prestigious to live within the Inner City walls.
The Old Town is one of the first things to do in Baku. You must visit there.
Maiden Tower is a tower and It was built probably in the 12th century, whose purpose has remained unknown until this day. This Tower set in the South – East of Icerisheher. Perhaps it was built for an astronomic observatory or, the building of the religious place. Someone knows nothing about it, but there is a legend about the tower. One legend tell that:
A king requested his daughter to marry a man of his age. She didn’t agree but made a deal with her father – if he builds a tower, she’ll honor his request and get married. But secretly she hoped he’d never finish. But he did and she, with the prospect of forced marriage, jumped off the top of the tower and the river carried her body to the Caspian Sea. That’s why, according to the legend, the tower is called the Maiden Tower.
As one of the oldest structures in today’s Baku, the tower now functions as a museum as well. Apart from presenting further research on the possible origins of this Tower, there are ancient artifacts to be found on display there.
The maiden Tower is one of the oldest structures in today’s Baku, the tower now functions as a museum as well. Apart from presenting further research on the possible origins of the Maiden Tower, there are ancient artifacts to be found on display there. You must visit there and we took pictures of rainy day Baku’s photo from the maiden Tower.
Azerbaijan’s population 98% is Muslim, and there is no shortage of mosques in Baku and whole Azerbaijan. There are many mosques in Azerbaijan. Juma Mosque is one of them. Mosque was built in the 12th century. Juma Mosque located center of the Old City. Its current appearance is a result of the last big reconstruction that was carried out in 1899. You’re welcome to visit Juma Mosque if you do so respectfully.
You must take off your shoes by the entrance and covering yourself. Ladies must wear a scarf on their hands. We actually took a break in the mosque, from sightseeing in the rain, and had a great discussion on Islam and world religions.
The Shirvanshahs’ Palace was built in 1141, but Palace’s construction started from the 12th century. The name of complex is called by Shirvans Dynasty, and King of Shirvan lived here. This Dynasty ruled over the Northeast of Azerbaijan during the Middle Ages. The Shirvanshahs’ Palace reconstruction in 2003. It is a large reconstruction. The palace used as a museum and every year millions of people visit there.
There is a great deal of information about the history of Azerbaijan, which acts as a Museum of History dedicated to the Shirvanshah period and the culture of Azerbaijan as a whole.
Visit to the barefoot artist
Ali Shamsi Studio is located on the Kichik Qala Street. Kicik Qala is part of Old City. You can’t miss it since it’s uniquely decorated on the outside. If the artist Ali Shamsi is not away traveling at the time of your visit, you’ll find him painting away in his little gallery.
What you will notice at first sight are his bare feet. You’ll also notice the same in all the photographs from around the world, with world leaders, which decorate one part of the wall. The artist doesn’t mind being observed and you can just look around. If you’re in a buying mood, invest in a painting of his or a small magnet.
Taste all the food you can
Azerbaijan is also famous with food and meals when you visit Azerbaijan, you can found everything for your taste, Azerbaijan cuisine is rich and you can taste traditional cuisine to vegan options.
You visit Azerbaijan and if that time is holiday eve you might even more kilos because you will taste delicious meals and drinks. There are many best traditional and foreign cuisine restaurants in Baku. I advise just some traditional restaurants in Baku.
Dolma Restaurant Baku
Dolma is one of the best and traditional Azerbaijan restaurant. You can taste delicious Azerbaijan food there. if you want to drink some alcohol, just order Azerbaijani wine.
Dolma is traditional Azerbaijan food and leaves stuffed with minced meat, and you can order such kebab and some salads and etc.
Firuza Restaurant Baku
Another amazing traditional restaurant, in which you can get nearly anything your heart desires. Similar to Dolma, Firuza too is located in a former cellar, so you’ll need to go underground. The atmosphere will easily compensate for any lack of daylight, though.
Stay with locals at Fountain Square
Fountain Square is located in Nizami Street, It is a famous street in Baku. You will find many restaurants, both traditional and modern, and shops and night clubs and etc. Unique-looking street lamps light up the tiled Square, and a large fountain is to be found there.
Look up to Flame Towers in Baku
Flame Towers is one of the symbols of modern Baku and Tower stand is on a hill overlooking the Baku Bay. It contains 3 towers and building houses a luxury hotel, apartments, and offices. Towers are the tallest skyscraper in Baku and their height is 190 m. The building was finished in 2012. Towers have a wonderful view and you can see the whole city from there.
Every night has dark sets, and light shows begin on the tower. The Flame Towers are covered with 10.000 LED diodes, which flicker and shine into the night. it is one of the wonderful views of the city.
Take in the views… with or without the funicular
You must use Baku Funicular, It will take you from Nefciler Avenue to the Martyrs’ Lane in Baku’s Highland Park. Just across the way and use Funicular, it will be easy and enjoyable. just enjoy the peaceful environment.
Respect to victims of war at the Martyrs’ Lane
Azerbaijan is a rich and amazing country, that’s why Azerbaijan live some problems with some neighbors. Last century Azerbaijan had a war with the Soviet Union and Armenia. On 20 January 1990 Soviet Army entered Baku and killed people, they just defend their home, their motherland. All of them buried in Martyrs’ Lane, it is estimated that around 15000 people sleep here. They don’t pass away, They live Azerbaijani people’s hearts.
You must visit Lane, it is the highest place of Baku, and end of the lane there’s shrine with eternal flame torch.
Black January is seen as a major event contributing to the Azerbaijan Republic’s regained independence.
Walking along Baku Boulevard
The best way to enjoy the seaside in Baku is to take a relaxing walk along the boulevard – Baku Boulevard. The action extends from Baku’s Freedom Square to the National Flag Square. Since 2018, it is more than 2km east of Freedom Square. Thus, the current length is 5 km, but we plan to increase it to 26 km. They come for a stroll, a roundabout, a roller-blade, and a bike ride. Apparently, New Year is a popular place to watch fireworks. The march has existed for over 100 years. In addition to the amenities, you will also find a large shopping center: Park Boulevard, Baku Crystal Hall (host to the Eurovision 2012) and Baku Ferris Wheel.
Fall in love with carpets at the unique Carpet Museum
if you want to visit Baku and You already come to Baku, Don’t forget to visit carpet museums. I am sure that you never seen a building shaped like a rolled carpet. You can see in Baku, It is located in Baku Boulevard. Really it is amazing, you can see many sample carpets. You will visit ancient times. This carpet made with a different weaving technique and coming from different eras of Azerbaijan history. It will decorate with handicrafts, jewelry, ceramics and etc.
Embrace the tea culture
Tea is the main thing of Azerbaijani people. You can see many tea houses in Baku and around Azerbaijan. You can order tea everywhere, every restaurant or cafe. They will service tea with some sweets or some cake. It is as traditional in daily life. People go to a tea house or cafe every day. Commonly Azerbaijani people like tea. You can order full tea service and with jam or other different sweets and etc. You must drink tea with lemon. It is for safety and amazing taste.
Admire the architecture of Zaha Hadid in Baku
Haydar Aliyev Center, design by Zaha Hadid, is a world-class architect of Iraqi origin. Haydar Aliyev Center is the first amazing and wonderful building in Baku, and The center was named after the national leader of Azerbaijan. You must visit there and you can see many amazing galleries and museums monuments, In short, you can find many examples of Azerbaijan architecture, crafts, traditions and etc. Under of center have old car museums, You can visit old-time and you will discover interesting and design old cars.
Take a photo with I love Baku sign
It is a symbol of all world cities, you can see it in Baku too. I LOVE BAKU, Really I love this amazing city, it is my mother city and I can’t live without Baku.
This stand located in different place in the city, but first and big is located in front of Haydar Aliyev Center.
Uncover the roots of Baku’s oil industry
Azerbaijan is a rich oil country in the world. Do you know? First industrially drilled oil well was dug in Baku. It was dug in 1846. Now Azerbaijan oil is known all over the world. Azerbaijan oil is the first and one of the best oil in the world. Everyone guess that fits, given the world’s first hand-dug wells were in Gorlice in Poland. Actually, it seems oil might have been discovered in Baku even earlier, as there’s evidence pointing to oil being collected from surface wells already in the 15th century. Modern-day Baku has been founded on oil.
At the beginning of the 20th century, half of the oil traded worldwide was extracted in Baku. The boom of the oil industry contributed to Baku’s massive growth. It is said that at the onset of the 20th century Baku grew faster than Paris, London or New York.
Do you know? you can visit Stone of Oil(Neft Dashlari), it is 8 miracle of the world.
Things to do outside Baku Azerbaijan
These are the most noteworthy things to do around Baku, from the closest to the furthest:
Visit Bibi-Heybat Mosque
We note before about Muslim Population, majority of the population is Muslim. That’s why you can see some mosques in Baku and around Baku. Bibi-Heybat Mosque located entrance of Baku. While the interior is a bit unusual with its rich green decoration and a series of tombs placed in the middle, this place allows history to speak.
You can see the remains of another mosque, It is near Bibi-Heybat mosque and used from the 13th century. It was destroyed in Soveit Period by the Soviets as part of their anti-religious campaign. The current structure comes from the 1990s.
The site that it’s built upon houses the tomb of a daughter of Prophet Muhammad’s descendant. It is said that infertile women who’d come here and pray would conceive a child within a year.
You must cover your head when you enter mosque. They are strict about the cover.
Contemplate at the Zoroastrian Temple of Eternal Fire Ateshgah
Ateshgah is one of a Zoroastrian temple in Azerbaijan. An ancient times, Azerbaijani people belive fire and they worship in fire temple. They have religion and called “Zoroastion”. But the Ateshgah Temple might have been a place of practicing the Hindu religion, and It guess that the Indian community move to Azerbaijan and create own temple for worship.
With the decline in their population, the temple was abandoned in the late 19th century. Until 1952 the Fire Temple had a constant fire burning from a natural gas deposit underneath. Since that pocket of gas emptied out, it’s been replaced a pipe transporting the gas to feed the flames. The Ateshgah Temple is a wonderful and peaceful place to visit and to admire.
It’s a pity the temple closes so early since it looks the most impressive once it gets dark.
Marvel at the eternal fire at Yanar Dag
It is a miracle. What do you think before coming here? Here is Burning Hill, The Flames of rock are burning 4000 years. They are everlasting. I guess it will continue for a hundred years, maybe a thousand years. The miracle is natural gas, gas leaks out of the ground and mix with oxygen and start burning. Even in rain or snow or wind, They are burning hill and never stop. You must visit here. When you arrive here, just watch the flames. It looks amazing and gives easily for a human.
Remember, it’s best to come to the optimum flames after dark! Burning Hill will give a good impression of your trip.
Discover ancient inscriptions in Gobustan
Gobustan is one of the districts of Azerbaijan and located approximately an hour away from Baku. You will see many rocks, ancient carving, and cave. There are around 6000 of them. Gobustan’s place is 40000 years old.
The petroglyphs found here cover all major periods of human history until about the Middle Ages. The rock of carvings described by ancient people. There are hunters, women, boats, animals, boats, daily routines and etc.
The petroglyphs (carvings) and pictographs (drawings) are truly fascinating to see.
Gobustan was also a site of an ancient Roman settlement. The Roman Army was in the area repeatedly throughout history. The oldest Roman writing comes from about 90 AD.
Before going to check out the actual rock carvings outside, stop at the local museum, where you’ll get all the information about the settlement of the area.
Also, Azerbaijan’s furthest history is well depicted at the Museum.
Gobustan National Park has been proclaimed a UNESCO World Heritage and official name Gobustan Rock Art Culture Landscape. Gobustan is popular among tourists, who come to Azerbaijan. Here is amazing and full of historical memories.
Don’t forget to visit mud volcano
Mud Volcano located in Gobustan, near the Rock Art site. Half of the world mud volcano located in Azerbaijan. It is not high like other volcanoes. They are small cone pyramids and flat muddy lakes, which excrete mud.
Some bubble constantly, some throw mud in the air in little eruptions. Muds is cold there, you can touch them. and you can take a mud bath. The count of mud volcano approximately is more than 400. Such an explosion made headlines in 2001 when a large pocket of gas exploded into giant flames 300 meters high and lasted for several days. The same things happen in 2018. The eruption left cracks more than 40 meters deep.
Climb through Diri Baba Turbesi Mausoleum
Diri Baba Turbesi is one of the historical monuments of Azerbaijan, located in Shamakhi and far away about 2 hours from Baku. You must visit a unique mausoleum, which built into a rock cliff. It was constructed in the 15th century.
There are many legends and local people tell belive that a Saint name Diri baba was burned here. You can enter the unique 2-story building from a staircase, climb the stairs inside, seeing its hall and the main room, and come out through a small doorway just below the dome. That will lead you above the actual structure, on top of the cliffs. It has a nice view of the surrounding landscape, including a town and a cemetery not far away.
Where to Stay in Baku?
There are many hotels in Baku. We offer some hotels in Baku and you can use our service for your Baku trip. If you don’t want to stay in the hotel, don’t worry we have many apartments in Baku. Our all hotels located in the center of the city and clean hotel.