This is Baku Tours – Gobustan is a remarkable archaeological site located in the western part of Azerbaijan. This UNESCO World Heritage Site provides a window into the ancient past of Azerbaijan, showcasing thousands of years of human history and culture. In this article, we’ll explore the rich history of Gobustan and what it can offer to visitors who are interested in exploring the cultural heritage of Azerbaijan.

Introduction to Gobustan and its history

Gobustan is a large plain area located in the western region of Azerbaijan. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that provides an exceptional opportunity to explore the ancient history and culture of Azerbaijan. The area is well-known for its impressive collection of rock carvings, also known as petroglyphs, that date back more than 20,000 years. These petroglyphs offer valuable insights into the lives of ancient people, showcasing their hunting and fishing practices, religious beliefs, and artistic expressions.

Additionally, Gobustan is home to several natural wonders, including mud volcanoes, mineral springs, and natural gas vents, making it a unique destination for travelers who enjoy exploring natural landscapes. The area has been designated as a protected area to preserve its exceptional natural and cultural heritage.

Gobustan & Mud volcanoes - This is Baku Tours

Overall, Gobustan is a must-visit destination for anyone who is interested in exploring the fascinating history and culture of Azerbaijan. With its rich collection of petroglyphs and unique natural wonders, it offers a unique opportunity to experience the country’s cultural and natural heritage in one place.

The area is also home to ancient mud volcanoes, natural gas vents, and mineral springs, making it a unique natural wonderland. (Wikipedia)

Visiting Gobustan

Visiting Gobustan is a wonderful opportunity to explore the fascinating history and culture of Azerbaijan. The site is located just a short drive away from the capital city of Baku, making it easily accessible for travelers who are staying in the city.

To make the most of your trip to Gobustan, it is recommended to join a guided tour or hire a local guide who can help you navigate the site and provide insights into its history and cultural significance. There are also several tour companies that offer tours that combine a visit to Gobustan with other nearby attractions, such as the Yanar Dag (Burning Mountain) and the Ateshgah Fire Temple.

Before visiting Gobustan, it is important to plan ahead and ensure that you have appropriate clothing and footwear for exploring the site. The area can be quite hot and dusty, so it’s important to wear comfortable clothing and sturdy shoes. It’s also recommended to bring along sunscreen and plenty of water to stay hydrated during your visit.

Gobustan & Mud volcanoes - This is Baku Tours

To get to Gobustan, visitors can take a taxi or hire a private car from Baku, or join a tour group that includes transportation to and from the site. There are also public transportation options available, such as buses and trains, but these can be less frequent and less convenient for travelers.

Overall, visiting Gobustan is a unique and rewarding experience that offers a glimpse into the ancient history and culture of Azerbaijan. With proper planning and preparation, visitors can make the most of their trip and gain a deeper appreciation for this fascinating site.

Before heading out, be sure to check out some of the best Baku hotels to find the perfect place to stay. From luxury hotels to budget-friendly options, there’s something for everyone in Baku.

What to see in Gobustan

Gobustan is a site that offers a diverse range of attractions for visitors to explore. One of the main highlights of the site is its impressive collection of petroglyphs, which offer insights into the daily lives and beliefs of ancient people who inhabited the region.

Visitors to Gobustan can explore the petroglyphs up close, either on their own or with the help of a local guide. The site has several marked trails that lead visitors to different parts of the area, with informative signs providing context and background information on the carvings.

In addition to the petroglyphs, Gobustan is also home to several natural wonders that are worth exploring. The mud volcanoes, for example, are a unique feature of the area, with bubbling mud pits and geysers providing a mesmerizing display.

Gobustan & Mud volcanoes - This is Baku Tours

Other attractions in the area include the nearby Yanar Dag (Burning Mountain), which is a natural gas fire that burns continuously, and the Ateshgah Fire Temple, which is a religious site that dates back to the 17th century.

Overall, visitors to Gobustan can expect to see a range of fascinating cultural and natural attractions, providing a unique insight into the history and heritage of Azerbaijan. Whether exploring the petroglyphs, marveling at the mud volcanoes, or visiting nearby religious and natural sites, there is something for everyone at Gobustan.

Mud volcanoes

One of the most unique and fascinating features of Gobustan are the mud volcanoes. These geological wonders are created by underground pockets of natural gas that rise to the surface, bringing along mud and other materials that form cone-shaped hills.

There are over 400 mud volcanoes in Azerbaijan, and Gobustan is home to several of the most impressive ones. Visitors can explore the mud volcanoes up close, getting a close-up view of the bubbling mud pits and geysers that make up these fascinating formations.

Gobustan & Mud volcanoes - This is Baku Tours

While the mud volcanoes might not sound particularly appealing at first, they are actually quite safe to explore and can provide an unforgettable experience. The mud is not hot and is typically cool to the touch, and visitors can even walk on top of the hardened mud to get a better view of the surrounding area.

In addition to their unique geological features, the mud volcanoes also play an important ecological role in the region. They are home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including several species of birds and insects that are uniquely adapted to this environment.

Overall, the mud volcanoes are a must-see attraction for visitors to Gobustan. Whether exploring the mud pits up close or marveling at the impressive cone-shaped formations from a distance, they offer a unique and unforgettable experience that showcases the fascinating natural wonders of Azerbaijan.

Mud volcanoes - This is Baku Tours


In conclusion, Gobustan is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring the rich cultural heritage of Azerbaijan. With its ancient petroglyphs, mud volcanoes, and other natural wonders, it’s a site that truly has something for everyone.

So, if you’re planning a Baku tour, be sure to add Gobustan to your itinerary. With its fascinating history and stunning natural beauty, it’s an experience you won’t soon forget.